Author: SGR

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    Spector Gadon Rosen Vinci P.C. Managing Member Daniel J. Dugan has been named as one of Pennsylvania’s Most Effective Dealmakers by The Legal Intelligencer, the oldest law journal in the United States.  Dugan is one of just six attorneys statewide to be selected for the honor as part of the 2021 Pennsylvania Legal Awards.

    Dugan successfully closed a multi-million-dollar deal to preserve the future of one of southeastern Pennsylvania’s most historic and preeminent country club resorts following a sheriff sale action that formalized lender ownership of the 115-acre property.

    The sale disposed of any outstanding claims and debts, and removed any liens, against Lulu Country Club in Glenside, Pennsylvania, formalizing ownership of the property by lender LT-Lulu LP, represented by Dugan.

    The underlying real estate tied to the club did not sell at a December 2020 auction arranged by the Montgomery County Sheriff’s Office, for which a $14.98 million minimum bid price was set — the amount of debt on the property.  No bids were made to buy it at the auction. The matter was precedential in that it was the first time the Montgomery County Sheriff’s Office sought to hold its property sales online.

    As a result of Dugan’s creative structuring of the sale, Lulu JJR LLC now has a 20-year lease on the property and will continue its role overseeing management of the club and its operations.

    In addition, Dugan has excelled in successfully negotiating other recent high-stakes deals.

    Dugan negotiated the successful resolution of a $10 million-plus claim for life insurance proceeds on behalf of a client whose wife drowned in the Ganges River in India. The claims involved numerous insurance companies and the litigation was in both state and federal courts in Philadelphia and required the taking of numerous depositions in India. After obtaining a verdict in favor of his client in federal court, Dugan negotiated a successful settlement with the remaining insurers in state court.

    Dugan also received a summary judgment in favor of a local bank for nearly $10 million against an individual and several companies he controlled arising out of fraudulent loans to finance millions of dollars of equipment leases, a check kiting scheme, and violations of the federal RICO Act.

    An awards dinner reception will take place at 7 p.m. on Thursday, June 24, 2021, at the Crystal Tea Room, 100 E. Penn Square, in Philadelphia.

    Dugan is distinguished by his ability to achieve his clients’ goals by creatively structuring the best terms to ensure a winning deal.

    A member of the firm’s Executive Committee, Dugan concentrates his practice in trials and appeals involving all manner of commercial and business disputes representing corporate entities, families and individuals.  He has extensive experience litigating before state and federal courts nationwide, including bankruptcy courts and Orphans Court.

    Dugan has been in practice since 1977, with Spector Gadon Rosen Vinci since 1982, and a member of the firm since 1987.  He is managing member and also a member of the firm’s Executive Committee.  He concentrates his practice in trials and appeals involving all manner of commercial and business disputes, and he has extensive experience litigating before state and federal courts nationwide, including bankruptcy courts and Orphans Court.

    Spector Gadon Rosen Vinci P.C. has represented clients nationally and internationally for 45 years and provides counsel and expertise across the entire spectrum of legal practice, from complex litigation to sophisticated transactional and corporate matters. The firm has offices in Philadelphia, New Jersey, Florida, New York and Atlanta.

    The firm represents businesses, corporate boards, and highly placed individuals. Its clients are engaged in a variety of industries including finance and banking, manufacturing, hospitality, gaming and entertainment, real estate and commercial development, insurance and venture capital, energy, financial services, health care, security and telecommunications.

    The firm’s practice areas include high stakes litigation, business disputes, commercial litigation, professional liability, products liability, securities, trust and estates, fiduciary litigation, bankruptcy and creditors rights, civil RICO, trade secrets, trademark and restrictive covenants, intellectual property, antitrust, white-collar criminal defense, banking and financial services, corporate formation and governance, cyber risk and security, employment, entertainment and amusements, environment and energy, wealth management, healthcare, hospitality, insurance coverage and insured casualty litigation, mergers, acquisitions and divestitures, real estate, sports and tax law.

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    On April 26, 2021, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission announced that it is opening the 2019 and 2020 EEO-1 Component 1 Data Collection and issued a July 19, 2021 deadline for filing the Data Collection for both years. Due to the Covid-19 pandemic, on May 8, 2020, the EEOC delayed the opening of the 2019 EEO-1 Component 1 Data Collection.

    The EEO-1 Component 1 report is a mandatory annual data collection applicable to all private employers with 100 or more employees and federal contractors with 50 or more employees meeting certain criteria. It requires the submission of demographic workforce data by eligible employers including data by race/ethnicity, sex and job categories.  The 2019 and 2020 EEO-1 Component 1 Reports can be filed through the online form on the EEO-1 Component 1 Online Filing System at EEOCdata.org/eeo1/signin beginning on April 26, 2021 or through the data file upload on the EEO-1 Component 1 Online Filing System at EEOCdata.org/eeo1 beginning May 26, 2021. If you are an eligible employer and have not received a 2019 and 2020 EEO-1 Component 1 notification letter via U.S. mail, you should contact the EEOC’s Filer Support Team at FilerSupport@eeocdata.org for assistance so you can create a user account.

    If you have any questions regarding the foregoing, please contact any of the following attorneys in our Employment Law Group: Alan Epstein at aepstein@sgrvlaw.com, Jennifer Chalal at jchalal@sgrvlaw.com or Nancy Abrams nabrams@sgrvlaw.com.

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    As part of the American Rescue Plan, “small” employers who voluntarily provide paid time off for Covid-related illnesses, quarantine, or childcare, can continue to claim a tax credit equal to the value of the paid time off granted through September 30, 2021. On April 21, President Biden extended the availability of that employer tax credit to paid time off an employer provides to its employees so they can get a COVID-19 vaccine. The tax credit will be funded through the existing American Rescue Plan and may be claimed through the same procedure used for claiming a tax credit for voluntarily provided paid sick leave. Like the prior tax credit provisions, the credit is available to employers with 500 or fewer employees and will remain in effect from April 1, 2021 through September 30, 2021.

    If you have any questions, please contact Nancy Abrams at nabrams@sgrvlaw.com or (215) 241-8894.

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    Spector Gadon Rosen Vinci P.C. Shareholder and Director George M. Vinci Jr. has been named to the National Law Journal’s inaugural list of Insurance Law Trailblazers. This list honors individuals who have changed the practice of insurance law through the use of innovative legal strategies. The Trailblazer series spotlights professionals who are agents of change in their respective practice areas.

    Vinci recently secured a landmark $100 million award against Grant Thornton for its marketing of an abusive tax shelter. He argued the public must be protected, and ultimately, such pervasive fraud must be punished. The ruling sent an important message to help prevent such conduct from ever occurring again, establishing courts in Kentucky will recognize a 4:1 punitive damages ratio.

    Vinci is Shareholder and Director of Spector Gadon Rosen Vinci P.C., a Member of the Executive Committee and Chairman of the Insurance and Professional Liability Practice Groups. He focuses his practice on civil litigation with a strong emphasis on professional malpractice, commercial, employment, and insurance coverage disputes.

    Vinci is a member of the American Bar Association, the Professional Liability Underwriting Society and DRI. He served for six years as a panel member with the Disciplinary Board of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania. Vinci has consistently been selected as a Pennsylvania Super Lawyer. In 2019, he was recognized with the Professional Excellence Award from The Legal Intelligencer, the oldest law journal in the United States, in the category of Distinguished Leaders. Mr. Vinci was also a recipient of the Philadelphia Business Journal’s 2019 Best of the Bar Award.

    The National Law Journal is an American law journal, daily legal news website and legal analysis content-aggregating database. The organization offers hourly legal news updates and analysis of recent court decisions, regulatory changes and legislative actions and includes a combination of original content and content submitted by various professionals in the legal and business communities.

    Spector Gadon Rosen Vinci P.C. has represented clients nationally and internationally for 45 years and provides counsel and expertise across the entire spectrum of legal practice, from complex litigation to sophisticated transactional and corporate matters. The firm has offices in Philadelphia, New Jersey, Florida, New York and Atlanta.

    The firm represents businesses, corporate boards, and highly placed individuals. Its clients are engaged in a variety of industries including finance and banking, manufacturing, hospitality, gaming and entertainment, real estate and commercial development, insurance and venture capital, energy, financial services, health care, security and telecommunications.

    The firm’s practice areas include high stakes litigation, business disputes, commercial litigation, professional liability, products liability, securities, trust and estates, fiduciary litigation, bankruptcy and creditors rights, civil RICO, trade secrets, trademark and restrictive covenants, intellectual property, antitrust, white-collar criminal defense, banking and financial services, corporate formation and governance, cyber risk and security, employment, entertainment and amusements, environment and energy, wealth management, healthcare, hospitality, insurance coverage and insured casualty litigation, mergers, acquisitions and divestitures, real estate, sports and tax law.

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    SGRV attorneys Joseph J. Devine and Peter D. Cripps successfully handled the sale of their client, Emphasys Technologies, to Ocorian as Legal Counsel of Spector Gadon Rosen Vinci P.C. This acquisition marks Ocarion’s entry into the U.S. market.

    Ocorian is a team of  global specialists in fund, corporate, capital market and private client services specializing in tax reporting and calculation agency services to asset-backed transactions. The deal, which was agreed on March 4, 2021, is expected to complete later this month.

    Emphasys Technologies provides capital markets services, modeling asset-backed transactions and related tax returns, as well as specializing in tax reporting and calculation agency services to asset-backed transactions.

    Chairman and CEO of Ocorian, Frederik Van Tuyll responded to this development, noting “The acquisition of Emphasys Technologies is hugely significant for us as it gives us presence in the US, which is one of our key strategic priorities. We are fully committed to providing outstanding client service and building long term relationships and are delighted that Emphasys share our approach and values.”

    Emphasys Technologies CEO’s Jeff Stone and David Anthony will continue to lead their business, saying “This is tremendously exciting for our clients and colleagues. Our clients will benefit from…the broader opportunities that come with being part of a large, multinational enterprise.”

    Peter D. Cripps is Chair of the Mergers & Acquisitions and Securities Law practice groups at SGRV. Prior to joining the Philadelphia office, Mr. Cripps practiced for 16 years in the Philadelphia office of Dechert LLP. While at Dechert, he was a partner in the Corporate & Securities and Mergers & Acquisitions practice groups.

    Joseph J. Devine is Chair of the SGRV Corporate Law Group. He devotes much of his practice to representing entrepreneurs and growth businesses in a variety of industries.  In his 30 years of practice, he has represented public and privately held companies, as well as investors, in a wide range of corporate and business transactional matters, including mergers and acquisitions, equity and debt offerings, securities law compliance, credit facilities, private equity and venture capital, and governance.

    Spector Gadon Rosen Vinci P.C. has represented clients nationally and internationally for 45 years and provides counsel and expertise across the entire spectrum of legal practice, from complex litigation to sophisticated transactional and corporate matters. The firm has offices in Philadelphia, New Jersey, Florida, New York and Atlanta.

    The firm represents businesses, corporate boards, and highly placed individuals. Its clients are engaged in a variety of industries including finance and banking, manufacturing, hospitality, gaming and entertainment, real estate and commercial development, insurance and venture capital, energy, financial services, health care, security and telecommunications.

    The firm’s practice areas include high stakes litigation, business disputes, commercial litigation, professional liability, products liability, securities, trust and estates, fiduciary litigation, bankruptcy and creditors rights, civil RICO, trade secrets, trademark and restrictive covenants, intellectual property, antitrust, white-collar criminal defense, banking and financial services, corporate formation and governance, cyber risk and security, employment, entertainment and amusements, environment and energy, wealth management, healthcare, hospitality, insurance coverage and insured casualty litigation, mergers, acquisitions and divestitures, real estate, sports and tax law.

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    Spector Gadon Rosen Vinci P.C. Managing Member Daniel J. Dugan has successfully brought to a close a situation weighing on a Montgomery County, Pa. country club following a sheriff sale action that formalizes lender ownership of the 115-acre property.

    The sheriff sale was an effort to dispose of any outstanding claims and debts, and remove any leins, against Lulu Country Club, which is located in Glenside and features an 18-hole Donald Ross-designed golf course.  It also formalizes ownership of the property by lender LT-Lulu LP, which is represented by Dugan.

    “All of the claims and debts are wiped out and LT-Lulu will continue to operate the club,” said Dugan. “From a members point of view, it will be a seamless transition.”

    The underlying real estate tied to the club did not sell at a Dec. 2 auction arranged by the Montgomery County Sheriff’s office, for which a $14.98 million minimum bid price was set — the amount of debt on the property.  No bids were made to buy it at the auction.  It was the first time the Montgomery County Sheriff’s Office sought to hold its property sales online.

    LT-Lulu now becomes the owner, which will be finalized when it receives the deed by January 2021.

    Mortgage foreclosure proceedings led to Lulu Country Club’s situation.  The original lender to the club was Summit Bridge National Investments. It initiated and obtained a mortgage foreclosure in Montgomery County Court of Common Pleas in March 2015 when the club was struggling and defaulted on payments.

    A limited liability corporation and LT-Lulu, which is a related entity, purchased from Summit Bridge the underlying mortgage, note and judgment and pursued the sheriff sale as part of the transfer process.

    The club, which was chartered in 1912, is thriving and is one of the few in the region to have a waiting list for new members.

    Lulu JJR LLC has a 20-year lease on the property and will continue its role overseeing management of the club and its operations.

    Dugan has been in practice since 1977, with Spector Gadon Rosen Vinci since 1982, and a member of the firm since 1987.  He is managing member and also a member of the firm’s Executive Committee.  He concentrates his practice in trials and appeals involving all manner of commercial and business disputes, and he has extensive experience litigating before state and federal courts nationwide, including bankruptcy courts and Orphans Court.

    Spector Gadon Rosen Vinci P.C. has represented clients nationally and internationally for 45 years and provides counsel and expertise across the entire spectrum of legal practice, from complex litigation to sophisticated transactional and corporate matters. The firm has offices in Philadelphia, New Jersey, Florida, New York and Atlanta.

    The firm represents businesses, corporate boards, and highly placed individuals. Its clients are engaged in a variety of industries including finance and banking, manufacturing, hospitality, gaming and entertainment, real estate and commercial development, insurance and venture capital, energy, financial services, health care, security and telecommunications.

    The firm’s practice areas include high stakes litigation, business disputes, commercial litigation, professional liability, products liability, securities, trust and estates, fiduciary litigation, bankruptcy and creditors rights, civil RICO, trade secrets, trademark and restrictive covenants, intellectual property, antitrust, white-collar criminal defense, banking and financial services, corporate formation and governance, cyber risk and security, employment, entertainment and amusements, environment and energy, wealth management, healthcare, hospitality, insurance coverage and insured casualty litigation, mergers, acquisitions and divestitures, real estate, sports and tax law.

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    Spector Gadon Rosen Vinci P.C. (SGRV) is pleased to announce that Madison G. Melinek has joined the firm as an Associate in the firm’s Insurance and Casualty Litigation Practice Groups. Her practice includes commercial litigation, including insurance and casualty litigation, and matters involving the defense of amusement parks and product liability defense. Melinek frequently provides corporate assistance to amusement venues, including preparation and review of leases, ride purchase contracts, concession agreements, and other contracts.

    Prior to joining the Philadelphia office, Melinek litigated insurance defense matters, providing counsel and representation to insurance clients on all aspects of the claims process, including complex coverage, and bad faith disputes. This included the preparation of coverage opinions, analysis of state-specific laws, and associated litigation.

    Melinek has clerked for the Honorable Judge Baratta, in Northampton County, which included assisting the Judge on drafting a number of rulings over a variety of cases, including complex commercial litigation, criminal law and family and divorce law. Melinek presided over a number of intricate insurance disputes, graphic criminal cases, and was responsible for relaying attorney concerns and pre-trial matters to the Judge.

    Melinek received her B.A., with honors, in Political Science and History from The Ohio State University in 2015, and her J.D. from Case Western Reserve University School of Law in 2018. She is admitted to practice law in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, the District of Columbia, and the U.S. District Court for the Eastern, Western, and Middle Districts of Pennsylvania.

    Melinek is a member of the Defense Research Institute, a Temporary Board Member and Volunteer at the Support Center for Child Advocacy, and a member of the Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, and American Bar Associations.

    Spector Gadon Rosen Vinci P.C. has represented clients nationally and internationally for 45 years and provides counsel and expertise across the entire spectrum of legal practice, from complex litigation to sophisticated transactional and corporate matters. The firm has offices in Philadelphia, New Jersey, Florida, New York and Atlanta.

    The firm represents businesses, corporate boards, and highly placed individuals. Its clients are engaged in a variety of industries including finance and banking, manufacturing, hospitality, gaming and entertainment, real estate and commercial development, insurance and venture capital, energy, financial services, health care, security and telecommunications.

    The firm’s practice areas include high stakes litigation, business disputes, commercial litigation, professional liability, products liability, securities, trust and estates, fiduciary litigation, bankruptcy and creditors rights, civil RICO, trade secrets, trademark and restrictive covenants, intellectual property, antitrust, white-collar criminal defense, banking and financial services, corporate formation and governance, cyber risk and security, employment, entertainment and amusements, environment and energy, wealth management, healthcare, hospitality, insurance coverage and insured casualty litigation, mergers, acquisitions and divestitures, real estate, sports and tax law.

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    Spector Gadon Rosen Vinci P.C. Chairman Paul R. Rosen, Esq. was honored with a Lifetime Achievement Award by The Legal Intelligencer, the oldest law journal in the United States, as part of the publication’s 2020 Pennsylvania Legal Awards on Wednesday, Nov. 11.

    The Lifetime Achievement Award honors jurists, office holders and other legal luminaries from across Pennsylvania who have left an imprint on the legal history of the state during their career.

    Rosen has distinguished himself throughout his 55-year career through multiple landmark cases.

    He is known for his work in the area of lender liability, beginning with a $5 million precedent-setting verdict in favor of a borrower who brought a counterclaim against its lender during a foreclosure action.  His verdict against a bank ultimately created the Lender Liability Law.

    In Pennsylvania, Rosen attracted significant attention for his representation of the Commissioners of Lower Merion Township in Barnes Foundation v. Township of Lower Merion, a civil rights action; and of Bruce Marks in the Marks v. Stinson voting fraud case. He was the subject of national attention for his representation of Alycia Lane in her invasion of privacy litigation against CBS and claims of criminal unauthorized access to her private computer system involving CBS Co-Anchor, Lawrence Mendte. He waged a 10-year battle that went to the Pennsylvania Supreme Court in which recusal of the entire Montgomery County Bench was at issue.

    Rosen won a class action lawsuit against One Meridian Plaza after the devastating fire.  His class action suit against the union practice of tagging (using license plates in parking lots to track down potential new members) made the front page of the Wall Street Journal and changed U.S. law.  After children were allowed into the sexually explicit movie “Private Lessons,” Rosen sued BudCo Theaters to enforce their ratings, creating the PG-13 era.  He has also represented former CNN host Larry King in a First Amendment matter; former Philadelphia Eagles Coach Andy Reid and his family; and Tom Knox in the Brady challenge for mayor.  Most recently, he returned the Barbera Autoland Dealership to its founding family.

    “Early on, I realized I had a talent for finding solutions to impossible problems,” Rosen recently told The Philadelphia Inquirer.  “Growing up on the multicultural streets of Camden, I had to hold my own at Camden High — not just scholastically, but in everyday living.  These life experiences gave me the grit to become a fierce advocate and problem-solver for others — and propelled me into the practice of law.”

    In addition to his legal portfolio, Rosen is a champion of the arts, serving as Chairman of the Spector Gadon Rosen Vinci Foundation which provides grants to Philadelphia artists and arts organizations, and presents the ATTY Award for positive depictions of attorneys in the arts.

    Rosen is intimately involved in the Philadelphia community. He is a patron of the Cancer Support Community of Greater Philadelphia; Friends of Rittenhouse Square; Pennsylvania SPCA; and numerous other civic/community and fundraising activities.

    Spector Gadon Rosen Vinci LLP has represented clients nationally and internationally for 45 years and provides counsel and expertise across the entire spectrum of legal practice, from complex litigation to sophisticated transactional and corporate matters.  The firm has offices in Philadelphia, New Jersey, Florida, New York and Atlanta.

    The firm represents businesses, corporate boards, and highly placed individuals.  Its clients are engaged in a variety of industries including finance and banking, manufacturing, hospitality, gaming and entertainment, real estate and commercial development, insurance and venture capital, energy, financial services, health care, security and telecommunications.

    The firm’s practice areas include high stakes litigation, business disputes, commercial litigation, professional liability, products liability, securities, trust and estates, fiduciary litigation, bankruptcy and creditors rights, civil RICO, trade secrets, trademark and restrictive covenants, intellectual property, antitrust, white-collar criminal defense, banking and financial services, corporate formation and governance, cyber risk and security, employment, entertainment and amusements, environment and energy, wealth management, healthcare, hospitality, insurance coverage and insured casualty litigation, mergers, acquisitions and divestitures, real estate, sports and tax law.

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    In August 2020, a federal court in New York struck down several parts of the Department of Labor’s (“DOL”) Final Rule providing guidance to employers and employees on the scope of the Family First Coronavirus Response Act (“Family First Act”). The decision of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York struck down: (1) the Rule’s requirement that work must be available before the employer is required to provide paid sick leave; (2) the Rule’s definition of “health care provider”; (3) the requirement that an employer consent to an employee’s use of intermittent leave; and (4) the requirement that an employee provide appropriate documentation prior to taking Family First Act leave. As expected, the DOL has issued revised Regulations to address the issues raised in the New York decision, changing some of the prior requirements and keeping others with additional explanation or clarification.
     
    The Family First Act, which is in effect through the end of 2020, requires employers with 500 or fewer employees to provide at least 80 hours of paid sick leave to any employee who:
    1. is subject to a federal, state, or local quarantine or isolation order related to COVID–19;
    2. has been advised by a health care provider to self-quarantine due to concerns related to COVID-19;
    3. is experiencing symptoms of COVID-19 and seeking a medical diagnosis;
    4. is caring for an individual who is subject to an order as described in subparagraph (1) or has been advised as described in paragraph (2) (at 2/3 pay); or
    5. is experiencing any other substantially similar condition specified by the Secretary of Health and Human Services in consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury and the Secretary of Labor.
     
    The Family First Act also provided up to 10 weeks of paid leave at 2/3 pay (after 2 unpaid weeks) for employees who must care for their child because the child’s school or place of care has been closed, or the child’s childcare provider is unavailable, due to COVID-19 precautions. 
     
    Work Availability
     
    The DOL’s final Rule clarified that the paid leave provisions did not entitle an employee to paid leave “where the Employer does not have work for the Employee.” The New York court found that this qualification was not included in the Family First Act itself and, therefore, the DOL exceeded its authority when it added the qualification. Under the court’s ruling, an employee who otherwise qualifies for Family First Act leave would be entitled to that leave even if his or her employer is closed or the employee has been furloughed or laid off due to Covid-19 restrictions. 
     
    In its revised Regulations, the DOL retained the qualification that, before a leave is payable, work must otherwise be available. The revised Regulations specifically rely on longstanding FMLA regulations making it clear that periods of time when the employee would not otherwise be expected to work may not be counted as part of the employee’s FMLA leave entitlement. The revised Regulations also rely on the wording of the Family First Act that the leave must be “because of” or “due to” one of the six reasons listed in that act, which the revised Regulations interpret as a requirement that one of the six reasons listed in the Family First Act be the “but for” reason for the leave. The revised Regulations also specifically noted that requiring employers who were not paying other employees because the workplace was closed down or employees were furloughed to pay employees for Family First leave would be an “illogical result” that Congress clearly did not intend.
     
    Definition of “Health Care Provider”
     
    The Family First Act permits employers to, at their option, exclude “health care providers” from paid leave benefits, but does not define “health care providers.” The DOL’s final Rule defined “health care providers” as any employee of “any doctor’s office, hospital, health care center, clinic, post-secondary educational institution offering health care instruction, medical school, local health department or agency, nursing facility, retirement facility, nursing home, home health care provider, any facility that performs laboratory or medical testing, pharmacy, or any similar institutions, Employer, or entity.” The court found that this definition was too broad as it focused on the employer rather the employee and the employee’s actual duties, even though it conceded that employees who do not directly provide health care services to patients may nonetheless be essential to the health care system’s ability to function. The court left open the possibility that the DOL could provide a different interpretation of “health care provider” for purposes of the Family First Act than it does for the FMLA, but until it does, the only current regulatory definition for “health care provider” was the much narrower definition that is contained in the general FMLA regulations.
     
    The DOL’s revised Regulations did change the definition of “health care provider” for purposes of which employees may be excluded from paid leave, but narrowed the definition from that contained in the original Regulations. Relying on the Pandemic and All-Hazards Preparedness and Advancing Innovation Act of 2019, the revised Regulations’ definition of “health care provider” includes “only employees who meet the definition of that term under the Family and Medical Leave Act regulations or who are employed to provide diagnostic services, preventative services, treatment services or other services that are integrated with and necessary to the provision of patient care which, if not provided, would adversely impact patient care.” The revised definition excludes individuals who provide services that affect, but are not integrated into, the provision of patient care. The revised Regulations also provide examples of employees who are not considered to be “health care providers” who can be excluded from paid leave, specifically information technology (IT) professionals, building maintenance staff, human resources personnel, cooks, food service workers, records managers, consultants, and billers. This list is intended to be illustrative, not exhaustive. 
     
    Intermittent Leave
     
    The Family First Act does not address the issue of intermittent leave. In its final Rule, the DOL significantly limited the availability of intermittent leave under the Family First Act, specifying that the employer and employee must agree to the employee’s use of intermittent leave and limiting the use of intermittent leave for employees working on the employer’s premises to leave for the employee’s need to care for a child whose school or place of care is closed or where child care is unavailable. The court agreed that the limitation that intermittent leave could only be used by employees who needed to care for a child was reasonable in light of the need to minimize the risk that an employee could spread Covid-19 to others. However, the court found no reasonable basis for the requirement that the employer consent to the employee’s use of intermittent leave, and struck that part of the Rule.
     
    The DOL’s revised Regulations reaffirmed that employer consent was required for intermittent leave, but clarified the difference between intermittent leave and consecutive requests for leave. The revised Regulations state that “the employer-approval condition would not apply to employees who take Family First leave in full-day increments to care for their children whose schools are operating on an alternate day (or other hybrid-attendance) basis because such leave would not be intermittent. In an alternate day or other hybrid-attendance schedule implemented due to COVID-19, the school is physically closed with respect to certain students on particular days as determined and directed by the school, not the employee.” Under this interpretation, each day the school is closed creates a separate reason for Family First leave that ends when the school opens again for that student.
     
    Documentation Requirements
     
    The final Rule also required that, before taking Family First Act leave, employees must submit documentation to their employer that indicates the reason for, and duration of, the leave, and where relevant, the authority for the isolation or quarantine order qualifying them for leave. The court found that the requirement that an employee submit documentation before beginning a leave was unreasonable, but left in place the requirement that documentation be presented to support the need for the leave. The Revised Regulations were amended to address this concern and now provide that, like documentation for a leave under the FMLA, documentation for a Family First leave must be provided as soon “as is practical.”
     
    Employers should discuss any leave decisions regarding Family First Act compliance with counsel to avoid any potential exposure to liability relating to employee leave applications.
     
               
    If you have any questions regarding the foregoing, please contact Nancy Abrams at (215) 241-8894 or nabrams@sgrvlaw.com.
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